Chevrolet Equinox manuals

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual: Tire Terminology and Definitions Wheels

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual / Chassis / Wheels/Tires / Tire Terminology and Definitions Wheels

Air Pressure

The amount of air inside the tire pressing outward on each square inch of the tire.Air pressure is expressed in kPa (kilopascal) or psi (pounds per square inch).

Accessory Weight

The combined weight of optional accessories. Some examples of optional accessoriesare automatic transmission, power windows, power seats, and air conditioning.

Aspect Ratio

The relationship of a tire's height to its width.


A rubber coated layer of cords between the plies and the tread. Cords may be madefrom steel or other reinforcing materials.


The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by steel cords that hold the tire ontothe rim.

Bias Ply Tire

A pneumatic tire in which the plies are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degreesto the centerline of the tread.

Cold Tire Pressure

The amount of air pressure in a tire, measured in kPa (kilopascal) or psi (poundsper square inch) before a tire has built up heat from driving. SeeTire Pressure.

Curb Weight

The weight of a motor vehicle with standard and optional equipment including the maximumcapacity of fuel, oil, and coolant, but without passengers and cargo.

DOT Markings

A code molded into the sidewall of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliancewith the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. TheDOT code includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designatorwhich can also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand, and date ofproduction.


Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. SeeVehicle Load Limits.


Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front axle. SeeVehicle Load Limits.


Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle. SeeVehicle Load Limits.

Intended Outboard Sidewall

The side of an asymmetrical tire that must always face outward when mounted on a vehicle.

Kilopascal (kPa)

The metric unit for air pressure.

Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire

A tire used on light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.

Load Index

An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying capacityof a tire.

Maximum Inflation Pressure

The maximum air pressure to which a cold tire can be inflated. The maximum air pressureis molded onto the sidewall.

Maximum Load Rating

The load rating for a tire at the maximum permissible inflation pressure for thattire.

Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight

The sum of curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity weight, and productionoptions weight.

Normal Occupant Weight

The number of occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 68-kg-(150-lb).SeeVehicle Load Limits.

Occupant Distribution

Designated seating positions.

Outward Facing Sidewall

The side of an asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that faces outward whenmounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears whitelettering, or bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name molding that is higheror deeper than the same moldings on the other sidewall of the tire.

Passenger (P-Metric) Tire

A tire used on passenger cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose vehicles.

Recommended Inflation Pressure

Vehicle manufacturer's recommended tire inflation pressure as shown on the tire placard.SeeTire PressureandVehicle Load Limits.

Radial Ply Tire

A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degreesto the centerline of the tread.


A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire beads are seated.


The portion of a tire between the tread and the bead.

Speed Rating

An alphanumeric code assigned to a tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tirecan operate.


The friction between the tire and the road surface. The amount of grip provided.


The portion of a tire that comes into contact with the road.

Treadwear Indicators

Narrow bands, sometimes called wear bars, that show across the tread of a tire whenonly 1.6-mm (1/16 in) of tread remains. SeeWhen It Is Time for New Tires.

UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards)

A tire information system that provides consumers with ratings for a tire's traction,temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using governmenttesting procedures. The ratings are molded into the sidewall of the tire. SeeUniform Tire Quality Grading.

Vehicle Capacity Weight

The number of designated seating positions multiplied by 68-kg-(150-lb) plus the ratedcargo load. SeeVehicle Load Limits.

Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire

Load on an individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight, occupant weight,and cargo weight.

Vehicle Placard

A label permanently attached to a vehicle showing the vehicle capacity weight andthe original equipment tire size and recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire andLoading Information Label” underVehicle Load Limits.

Adhesives, Fluids, Lubricants, and Sealers Wheels
Adhesives, Fluids, Lubricants, and SealersApplicationType of MaterialGM Part NumberUnited StatesCanadaWheelsValve StemTPMMounting Lubricant9985709Or Hunter EquivalentOr Rema Tip Top-WheelsPilot Bore L ...

Wheel Alignment Specifications Wheels
Alignment Condition: Full tank of fuel, no passengers and placed on flat level surface.Wheel Alignment SpecificationsRPO RestrictionWheelsCaster±-0.8°Cross Caster±-0.8°Camber±-0.8°Cross Camber± ...

Other materials:

Driveline System Balance Adjustment
Special ToolsEL-38792-2020-Foot Timing Light Power CordExtensionEL-38792-25Inductive Pickup Timing Light, orequivalentEL-38792-AElectronic VibrationAnalyzer-(EVA)-2EL-38792-276-Foot EVA Power CordExtensionFor equivalent regional tools, refer toSpecial Tools and Equipment.This procedure is designed t ...

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