Chevrolet Equinox manuals

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual: Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Special ToolsJ 26568Coolant and Battery Fluid TesterJ 42401Radiator Cap and Surge Tank Test AdapterGE-47716Vac N Fill Coolant Refill ToolDraining Procedure

Warning:With a pressurized cooling system, the coolant temperature inthe radiator can be considerably higher than the boiling point ofthe solution at atmospheric pressure. Removal of the surge tankcap, while the cooling system is hot and under high pressure,causes the solution to boil instantaneously with explosive force.This will cause the solution to spew out over the engine, thefenders, and the person removing the cap. Serious bodily injury mayresult.

Remove the coolant pressure cap.Raise and support the vehicle. Refer toLifting and Jacking the Vehicle.Place a drain pan under the drain cock.Remove the radiator drain cock.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Drain the cooling system.Lower the vehicle.Inspect the coolant.Follow the appropriate procedure based on the condition ofthe coolant.Normal in appearance—Follow the fillingprocedure.Discolored—Follow the flush procedure. Refer toFlushing.Vac-N-Fill ProcedureInstall theJ 42401Radiator Cap and Surge Tank Test Adapteronto the coolant surge tank.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Warning:To avoid being burned, do not remove the radiator cap orsurge tank cap while the engine is hot. The cooling system willrelease scalding fluid and steam under pressure if radiator cap orsurge tank cap is removed while the engine and radiator are stillhot.

Attach the Vac N Fill cap to theJ 42401Radiator Cap and Surge Tank Test Adapter.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach the vacuum gauge assembly to the Vac N Fillcap.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach the fill hose to the barb fitting on the vacuum gaugeassembly.

Ensure that the valve is closed.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Note:Use a 50/50 mixture of DEX-COOL antifreeze and clean,drinkable water.

Always use more coolant than necessary. This will eliminateair from being drawn into the cooling system.

Pour the coolant mixture into the graduated reservoir.Place the fill hose in the graduated reservoir.

Note:Prior to installing the vacuum tank onto the graduatedreservoir, ensure that the drain valve located on the bottom of thetank is closed.

Install the vacuum tank on the graduated reservoir with thefill hose routed through the cut-out area in the vacuumtank.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach the venturi assembly to the vacuum tank.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach a shop air hose to the venturi assembly.

Ensure the valve on the venturi assembly is closed.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach the vacuum hose to the vacuum gauge assembly and thevacuum tank.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Open the valve on the venturi assembly. The vacuum gauge willbegin to rise and a hissing noise will be present.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Continue to draw vacuum until the needle stops rising. Thisshould be 610–660 mm-Hg (24–26in-Hg).

Cooling hoses may start to collapse. This is normal due tovacuum draw.

To aid in the fill process, position the graduated reservoirabove the coolant fill port.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Slowly open the valve on the vacuum gauge assembly. When thecoolant reaches the top of the fill hose, close the valve. Thiswill eliminate air from the fill hose.Close the valve on the venturi assembly.If there is a suspected leak in the cooling system, allow thesystem to stabilize under vacuum and monitor for vacuumloss.

If vacuum loss is observed, refer toLoss of Coolant.

Open the valve on the vacuum gauge assembly. The vacuum gaugewill drop as coolant is drawn into the system.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Once the vacuum gauge reaches zero, close the valve on thevacuum gauge assembly and repeat steps 11–17.Detach the Vac N Fill cap from theJ 42401Radiator Cap and Surge Tank Test Adapter.Remove theJ 42401Radiator Cap and Surge Tank Test Adapterfrom the coolant surge tank.Add coolant to the system as necessary.Inspect the concentration of the coolant mixture usingJ 26568Coolant and Battery Fluid Tester.

Note:After filling the cooling system, the extraction hose can beused to remove excess coolant to achieve the proper coolantlevel.

Detach the vacuum hose from the vacuum gauge assembly.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Attach the extraction hose to the vacuum hose.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Open the valve on the venturi assembly to start a vacuumdraw.

Cooling System Draining and Filling (GE 47716) Engine Cooling

Use the extraction hose to draw out coolant to the properlevel.The vacuum tank has a drain valve on the bottom of the tank.Open the valve to drain coolant from the vacuum tank into asuitable container for disposal.Install the surge tank cap.

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