Chevrolet Equinox manuals

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual: Keyless Entry System Description and Operation Keys and Keyless Entry Keyless Security System

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual / Accessories / Security & Keyless Entry / Keyless Entry System Description and Operation Keys and Keyless Entry Keyless Security System

The keyless entry system is a vehicle entry device. The keyless entry system is usedin conjunction with the door locks to unlock the vehicle. Keyless entry will lock/unlockthe vehicle doors or open the rear compartment lid when a corresponding button onthe keyless entry transmitter is pressed. This is accomplished by the transmittersending a radio frequency to the remote control door lock receiver antenna that hasa direct link tothe body control module (BCM). The BCM interprets the signal and activates the requestedfunction or request the appropriate control module to activate the function via aserial data message. A low transmitter battery or radio frequency interference fromaftermarket devices, such as 2-way radios, power inverters, computers, etc., may causea system malfunction. High radio frequency traffic areas, such as gas stations thatuse pay-at-the-pumpradio frequency transponders, may also cause interference that could lead to a malfunction.Keyless entry allows you to operate the following features:

Door lock/unlockLiftgate lock/unlock, if equippedTrunk release, if equippedPower liftgate, if equippedPanic alarm/vehicle locatorRemote vehicle starting, if equipped

The keyless entry system has the following components:

Keyless entry transmittersBody control moduleRemote control door lock receiverKeyless Entry Transmitters

Note:When the vehicle key is in the ignition, keyless entry functions from all keylessentry transmitter are disabled.

The keyless entry transmitters are used to perform various entry functions while awayfrom the immediate are of the vehicle. Keyless entry functions may work at up to 20m (65 ft) away from the vehicle. Ambient conditions may affect the performance ofthe keyless entry transmitter and reduce the range at which keyless entry functionsoperate. Up to eight transmitters may be programmed to a single vehicle. The keylessentry transmitteris an integral part of the vehicle key.

OnStar® Remote Link (if equipped)

A vehicle operator may have the ability to perform some of the keyless entry functionsusing applications on personal devices such as a smart phone. Unwanted or inadvertentdoor lock/unlock activation may be requested by the OnStar® Remote Link application.It is possible that a customer may be unaware of account usage, resulting in an unwantedor phantom door lock/unlock. If normal system diagnosis results in an inability toverify thecustomer’s concern, contact Technical Assistance Center (TAC).

Body Control Module (BCM)

The BCM is a multifunction module that operates the keyless entry system. When a radiofrequency message is received from a keyless entry transmitter, the BCM interpretsthis signal and performs the specific function, i.e. door lock, door unlock, or vehiclelocate.

Remote Control Door Lock Receiver

The remote control door lock receiver acts as an antenna for the keyless entry systemand communicates with the BCM through a dedicated serial data link. When a buttonis pressed on a keyless entry transmitter, the remote control door lock receiver receivesthis signal and sends the request to the BCM. The BCM interprets the signal and performsthe specific function, i.e. door lock, door unlock, or vehicle locate.

Unlock Doors

Momentarily press the transmitter UNLOCK button in order to perform the followingfunctions:

Unlock only the driver door or all doors and liftgate (if equipped); this is customizedthrough the driver information center.Illuminate the interior lamps for a determined length of time or until the ignitionis turned ON.Flash the exterior lights; this is customized through the driver information center.Disarm the content theft deterrent system, if equipped.Deactivate the content theft deterrent system when in the alarm mode.Lock All Doors

Press the transmitter LOCK button to perform the following functions:

Lock all vehicle doors.Immediately turn OFF the interior lamps.Flash the exterior lights and/or sound the horn; this is customized through the driverinformation center.Arm the content theft deterrent system.Trunk Release, if equipped

Press the trunk release button on the transmitter to open the trunk.

Power Liftgate, if equipped

Press and hold the power liftgate button to perform the following functions:

Open or close the liftgate using the power liftgate function.Flash the tail lamps.Sound the interior power liftgate chime.Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm

A single press of the panic button performs the following functions. Some functionsmay be dependent on personalization settings:

Pulse the horn three times.Flash the exterior lamps three times.

A press and hold of the panic button performs the following functions:

Illuminate the interior lamps.Pulse the horn and flash the exterior lamps for 30 seconds or until the followingconditions occur:The panic button is pressed.The ignition switch is turned to the RUN position with a valid key.Remote Vehicle Start, if equipped

The remote vehicle start function allows engine starting while not in the vehicle.It also allows the vehicle HVAC system and other vehicle systems to enable, providinga comfortable vehicle upon entry. The remote vehicle start sequence begins by pressingand releasing the lock button and then pressing and holding the remote vehicle startbuttons on the keyless entry transmitter. The turn signal lamps will illuminate toindicate the vehiclehas received the remote start request. Each time a remote vehicle start is performed,the vehicle doors are locked, however they may then be unlocked/locked with the transmitterat any time. Only the first and second vehicle transmitters are able to control theremote vehicle start function. Any additional remote transmitters programmed to thevehicle will perform all other remote functions. Once activated, the engine is allowedto run for10 minutes. The remote vehicle start time may be extended by an additional 10 minutesby again pressing and releasing the lock button and then pressing and holding theremote vehicle start buttons on the transmitter. This feature is called a remote vehiclestart continue and allows a maximum of 20 minutes of engine running. If the remotevehicle start continue is performed at 7 minutes into the initial 10 minute time-out,a total of 17 minutesof engine running would occur. The remote vehicle start event may be suspended atany time by pressing only the remote vehicle start button on the transmitter or byentering the vehicle and turning ON the hazard lamps.

In between ignition cycles, only two remote vehicle start events may occur or be attempted.Once two events or attempts have been made, future remote vehicle start events willbe suspended until the vehicle is started using the ignition.

Enable/Disable Remote Vehicle Start

Using the driver information center, remote vehicle start may be enabled or disabledas a part of vehicle personalization. Refer to the vehicle owners manual for moreinformation.

Hood Ajar Switch

The hood switch provides status of the hood to the BCM for remote vehicle start purposes.The switch is integrated into the hood latch assembly.

Remote Vehicle Start Circuit Description

The BCM receives a signal from the keyless entry transmitter indicating a remote vehiclestart request. A message is then sent to the BCM which determines if a crank requestmessage will be sent to the ECM to allow engine starting. To determine if conditionsare correct for a remote vehicle start event, the BCM will ensure the following conditionsare met:

A valid hood ajar switch closed signal is present.The doors are locked.The low fuel warning light is off.The hazard switch is OFF.The vehicle power mode is correct.No content theft deterrent alarm triggers are present.

When the BCM determines all conditions meet those required for a remote vehicle startevent, a message is sent via serial data to the ECM. The ECM relies on the remotevehicle start message from the BCM to enable remote vehicle start when the crank requestsignal is received. If the ECM does not receive a valid remote vehicle start message,it will not attempt to start the engine. While the ECM is in remote vehicle startmode it willsuspend engine operation if any of the following additional conditions occur:

Vehicle speed is greater than 0Transmission is not in PARKExcessive engine coolant temperatureLow oil pressureThe malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is commanded ONEngine crank time is greater than 30 secondsExcessive engine speedAccelerator pedal position too highRemote start timer equals 0Immobilizer system indicates tamperKeyless Entry Personalization

Vehicle lock/unlock functions and remote vehicle start settings may be personalized.For functional descriptions and personalization instructions, refer to the vehicleowners manual.

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