Chevrolet Equinox manuals

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual: Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Chevrolet Equinox Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Special ToolsEN 8037 Ring CompressorEN 43690-A Rod Bearing Clearance Checking ToolEN 45059 Angle MeterEN 46121 Connecting Rod Guide Pin SetEN 48589 Crankshaft Rotation Socket

For equivalent regional tools, refer toSpecial Tools.

Piston and Connecting Rod Assembly Procedure

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Liberally lubricate the cylinder walls, piston rings and piston skirts with engineoil.

Note:The piston is directional and must be installed in the engine block in the properdirection. The dot on the top of the piston must face the front of the engine.

Select the correctly numbered piston/connecting rod assembly for the cylinder. A dot-(1)showing proper piston orientation is located on the top of the piston.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Note:If the connecting rod bearings have been used in a running engine, you must replacethem with NEW connecting rod bearings for reassembly.

Install the connecting rod bearing into the connecting rod.Install the EN 46121 pin setinto the connecting rod bolt holes.Compress the piston rings using the EN 8037 compressoror equivalent.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Note:Extreme care must be used when installing the piston and connecting rod in order tobe sure the rod does not scrape or nick the cylinder bore, the oil jets, or the crankshaftsurfaces.

Using both hands, slowly guide the piston and connecting rod assembly into the cylinderfrom the top and bottom of the cylinder. DO NOT allow the connecting rod to contactthe cylinder wall.When the EN 8037 compressorcontacts the deck surface, gently tap the piston into the cylinder using the handleend of a dead-blow hammer. Guide the connecting rod onto the crankshaft bearing journalusing the EN 46121 pin setwhile gently tapping the piston into the cylinder with a soft-blow hammer.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Remove the EN 46121 pin setfrom the connecting rod bolt holes.Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance Measurement Procedure ā€“ Using Plastic Gaging

Note:Connecting rod bearings that have been run in an engine should NEVER be reused.

Before final assembly it is important to check the clearance of the new connectingrod bearings.

Place a length of fresh, room temperature plastic gaging material all the way acrossthe connecting rod bearing journal.Install the connecting rod bearing into the connecting rod cap.

Note:The connecting rod is non-directional therefore the connecting rod bearing lock tangscan face inboard or outboard.

Install the connecting rod end cap on its original connecting rod and ensure the bearinglock tangs are aligned on the same side of the rod.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Caution:Refer toFastener Caution.

Caution:Do not lubricate the NEW connecting rod bolts. The NEW boltshave a pre-applied graphite lubricant. Applying lubricant to theconnecting rod bolts will effect the clamp load when the connectingrod bolts are torqued. Improper clamp load can lead to componentfailure and extensive engine damage.

Note:Reuse the old connecting rod bolts ONLY for measuring the connecting rod bearing clearance.

Install the connecting rod bolts into the connecting rod cap and tighten the connectingrod bolts to 30-Y (22-lb-ft).Loosen the connecting rod bolts until the torque reading is zero.Re-tighten the connecting rod bolts.First Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts to 25-Y (18-lb-ft).

Final Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts an additional 110-degrees using the EN 45059 meter.

Allow the assembly to sit for at least 2-minutes.Remove the connecting rod cap bolts.Remove the connecting rod cap.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Determine the connecting rod bearing clearance by comparing the width of the flattenedplastic gaging material at its widest point with the graduation on the gaging materialcontainer.Compare your measurements with the engine mechanical specifications. If the new bearingsdo not provide the proper crankshaft to connecting rod bearing clearance, inspectthe following:Re-measure the crankshaft connecting rod journals for the correct specified size andensure the proper new bearings are being installed. If the crankshaft connecting rodjournals are incorrectly sized, replace or regrind the crankshaft. Crankshaft machiningis permitted and undersized bearings are available.Re-measure the connecting rod bearing bore diameter to ensure proper size. The connectingrod is not machinable and the connecting rod must be replaced if out of specification.Clean the plastic gaging material from the connecting rod bearing journals using asoft lint-free cloth.Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance Measurement Procedure ā€“ Using EN 43690-A

The EN 43690-A checking toolhas been developed as a more accurate method to measure connecting rod bearing clearances.The instructions below provide an overview of tool set-up and usage. For more detailedinformation, refer to the tool instruction sheets as supplied by the tool manufacturer.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

EN 43690-A checking tool

EN 43690-20 Swivel Base-(1)EN 43690-19 Dial Indicator-(2)EN 43690-2 Base-(3)EN 43690-5, -6 Handle-(4)EN 43690-10, -11 Foot-(5)280307 Screw-(6)EN 43690-1 Pivot Arm Assembly-(7)EN 43690-3, -7, -8 Screws-(8)280319 Screw-(9)280311 Screw-(10)EN 43690-17, -18 Adapter-(11)280310 Pin-(12)

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

EN 43690-A adapter kit

EN-43690-104 Spacer-(1)EN-43690-105 Retainer Plate-(2)505478 Bolt-(3)511341 Bolt-(4)EN-43690-106 Retainer Plate-(5)EN-43690-107 Cap-(6)EN-43690-102 Foot-(7)EN-43690-101 Pivot Arm Assembly-(8)EN-43690-103 Adapter-(9)505439 Adapter-(10)

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Note:Connecting rod bearings that have been run in an engine should NEVER be reused.

Before final assembly it is important to check the clearance of the new connectingrod bearings.

Install the connecting rod bearing into the connecting rod cap.

Note:The connecting rod is non-directional therefore the connecting rod bearing lock tangscan face inboard or outboard.

Install the connecting rod end cap on its original connecting rod and ensure the bearinglock tangs are aligned on the same side of the rod.

Caution:Refer toFastener Caution.

Caution:Do not lubricate the NEW connecting rod bolts. The NEW boltshave a pre-applied graphite lubricant. Applying lubricant to theconnecting rod bolts will effect the clamp load when the connectingrod bolts are torqued. Improper clamp load can lead to componentfailure and extensive engine damage.

Note:Reuse the old connecting rod bolts ONLY for measuring the connecting rod bearing clearance.

Install the connecting rod bolts into the connecting rod cap and tighten the connectingrod bolts to 30-Y (22-lb-ft).Loosen the connecting rod bolts until the torque reading is zero.Re-tighten the connecting rod bolts.First Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts to 25-Y (18-lb-ft).

Final Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts an additional 110-degrees using the EN 45059 meter.

Rotate the crankshaft until the crankshaft journal and the connecting rod to be measuredis in the 12-o'clock position.

Note:The crankshaft must be secure with no movement or rotation in order to obtain an accuratereading.

Remove the crankshaft main bolts required to install the retainer plate EN-43690-105.

Note:Do not allow the EN-43690-105 retainer plate screw to contact the reluctor ring.

Install the EN-43690-105 and crankshaft main bolts.Loosen the connecting rod bolts until the torque reading is zero.Re-tighten the connecting rod bolts.First Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts to 25-Y (18-lb-ft).

Final Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts an additional 110-degrees using the EN 45059 meter.

During and after installation, ensure each piston is positioned properly in the correctcylinder. The locating arrow on the top of each piston must be pointing toward thefront of the engine.Repeat these procedures for the remaining piston/connecting rod assemblies using theEN-48589 socketin order to rotate the crankshaft.Connecting Rod Final Assembly ProcedureGuide the connecting rod away from the crankshaft connecting rod journal in orderto lubricate the crankshaft connecting rod bearing journal.Apply a liberal amount of crankshaft prelube or clean engine oil to the crankshaftconnecting rod bearing journal. Refer toAdhesives, Fluids, Lubricants, and Sealersfor recommended lubricant.Guide the connecting rod to the crankshaft connecting rod journal.Install the connecting rod end cap on its original connecting rod and ensure the bearinglock tangs are aligned on the same side of the rod.

Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly

Caution:Do not lubricate the NEW connecting rod bolts. The NEW boltshave a pre-applied graphite lubricant. Applying lubricant to theconnecting rod bolts will effect the clamp load when the connectingrod bolts are torqued. Improper clamp load can lead to componentfailure and extensive engine damage.

Caution:This vehicle is equipped with torque-to-yield or single use fasteners. Install a NEWtorque-to-yield or single use fastener when installing this component. Failure toreplace the torque-to-yield or single use fastener could cause damage to the vehicleor component.

Install the NEW connecting rod bolts into the connecting rod cap and tighten the NEWconnecting rod bolts to 30-Y (22-lb-ft).Loosen the connecting rod bolts until the torque reading is zero.Re-tighten the connecting rod bolts.First Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts to 25-Y (18-lb-ft).

Final Pass

Tighten the connecting rod bolts an additional 110-degrees using the EN 45059 meter.

During and after installation, ensure each piston is positioned properly in the correctcylinder. The locating arrow on the top of each piston must be pointing toward thefront of the engine.Repeat these procedures for the remaining piston/connecting rod assemblies using theEN 45059 meterin order to rotate the crankshaft.
Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Replacement Engine Block Cylinder Block Piston Assembly
Special ToolsEN-8037Ring CompressorEN-24270Cylinder Bore Ridge ReamerEN-43966-1Connecting Rod GuidesEN-45059Angle MeterFor equivalent regional tools, refer toSpecial Tools.Removal ProcedureRemove the ...

Cylinder Head Disassemble (LAF, LEA, or LUK) Engine Block Cylinder Head
Special ToolsEN-8062Valve Spring CompressorEN-36017Valve Seal RemoverEN-43963Valve Spring Compressor (off car)For equivalent regional tools, refer toSpecial Tools.Remove the coolant air bleed hosefitt ...

Other materials:

Wheel Stud Replacement Wheels
Tools Required Jā€“43631 -Ball Joint RemoverFor regional equivalent tools, refer toSpecial Tools.Removal ProcedureRaise and support the vehicle. Refer toLifting and Jacking the Vehicle.Remove the tire and wheel assembly. Refer toTire and Wheel Removal and Installation.Remove the front wheel bearing ...

Ā© 2017-2019 Copyright www.cequinox.com